MS Repertoire – Pantuvarali and Purya Dhanasri

In the book Ragas in Carnatic music, Dr S Bhagyalakshmi explains “Pantuvarali is also referred to as Kamavardhini. Its equivalent in Hindustani music is Purya Dhanasri. A raga having ample scope for alapana and sung at the early part of the concert.”

Ragam Pantuvarali was frequently featured in the early part of MS’ concerts.

In one MS concert, a very interesting raga sequence(musical links below) was Pantuvarali followed immediately by Ragam Mayamalagowla (the suddha madhyama ‘equivalent’ in the melakarta scheme for Ragam Kamavardhini).

Sambo Mahadeva in Ragam Pantuvarali, Talam Rupakam composed by Shri Tyagaraja, preceded by Raga Alapana. Neraval and swarams at the line Parama Dayakara

Kshirasagara Sayana in Ragam Mayamalavagowla, Talam Chatusra Jhampa composed by Mysorre Maharaja Jayachamaraja Wodeyar

 

Here are compositions in Pantuvarali in multiple languages and by multiple composers featured in MS 78 RPM recording, movie Savithri and in concerts across multiple decades.

1. 78 RPM Vinyl Recording  – Vadera Deivamu Talam Adi, composed by Shri Tyagaraja

 

2. Deviyai Poojai Seivai from the movie Savithri composed by Shri Papanasam Sivan

 

3. Ennaganu Rama Bhajana in Talam Rupakam composed by Shri Bhadrachala Ramadas, preceded by Raga Alapana. Neraval and swaras at the line rAmaciluka nokada penci prEma mATalADanEpa rAma

 

4.Aparama Bhakti in Talam Rupakam composed by Shri Tyagaraja preceded by Raga Alapana. Nerval and swarams at the line lakSmI dEvI valacunA? lakSmanuNDu golucunA?

 

5.Satata Gananaatha (Ugabhoga) followed by Guruvina Gulaama in Talam Adi composed by Shri Purandaradasa

 

6. Ninnarul in talam rupakam composed by Shri Papanasam Sivan preceded by Raga Alapana. Neraval and swarams at the line innal kUTTi inbamUTTi indrajAla viddai kATTi

 

7. Ramanatham Bhajeham in Talam Tisra Ekam composed by Shri Muthuswami Dikshithar, preceded by Raga Alapana. Swarams at Hastamaalaka

 

8. Thaaye Idhu Tarunam in Talam Adi composed by Shri Kavi Kunjara Bharathi preceded by Raga Alapana. Neraval and Swarams at the line Iravum Pagalum Thaamarai Neerena

 

9. Naradamuni in Talam Adi composed by Shri Tyagaraja preceded by Raga Alapana

 

10. Sarasaksha in Talam Adi composed by Shri Svati Tirunaal preceded by Raga Alapana, Neraval and Swarams at the line bhAmini samudayAshaya mOhana padmanAbha kamalAdharanIvara

 

11. Sringagiri Vasini in Talam Adi tuned by Shri Kadayanallur Venkatraman. Swarams at the line Sringagiri Vasini

 

Ragam Purya Dhanasri

The Hindustani Raag Purya Dhanasri is similar to Ragam Pantuvarali,

One of the examples in the The Province of Poorvi highlighted by Shri Rajan P. Parrikar is MS’  Dashavatara Stotram set to music in Raag Purya Dhanasri by Shri Kadayanallur Venkatraman.

In the Hindu article about the release of Ustad Alladiya Khan’s biography, Gowri Ramnarayan writes “M. S. Subbulakshmi had recounted how she had visited Khan Saheb in Bombay to offer her respects. The Ustad’s eyes had lit up when she sang Pantuvarali (chosen because of its closeness to the Hindustani Purya Dhanasri). When she stopped, he seemed to continue it in a soft humming. Placing a hand over her head, he declared that she would become one of the greatest singers of the Indian tradition. M.S. added in tender recollection, “It is the blessings of such great artistes that have been my strength through life.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MS Repertoire – Varnams

A compilation of some of the Varnams that MS has sung in various concerts.

Adi Tala Varnam 

1.Ninnukori in Ragam Vasantha, Talam Adi, composed by Shri  Tacchur Singaaraachari

 

2. Ento Prema in Ragam Surutti, Talam Adi, composed by Shri Tiruvettiyur Tyagayya

 

3. Sarasija in Ragam Arabhi, Talam Adi composed by Shri Pallavi Doraiswamy Iyer

 

4. Era Napai in Ragam Thodi, Talam Adi composed by Patnam Subramania Iyer

 

5. Indu Mukhi in Ragam Sankarabaranam, Talam Adi composed by Shri Svati Tirunaal

 

6. Sarasuda in Ragam Saveri, Talam Adi, composed by Shri Kotthavaasal Venkatrama Iyer

 

7. Maathe Daru Varnam in Ragam Khamas, Talam Adi composed by Shri Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar

 

8. Nee Saati Daru Varnam in Ragam Shriranjani, Talam Rupakam composed by Shri Muthuswami Dikshithar

 

Ata Tala Varnam 

1. Viribhoni in Ragam Bhairavi, Talam Ata composed by Shri Pacchimiriyam Adiyappa

 

2. Vanajakshi in Ragam Kalyani, Talam Ata composed by Shri Pallavi Gopala Iyer

 

3. Nera Nammiti in Ragam Kanada, Talam Ata composed by Shri Poochi Srinivasa Iyengar

MS Repertoire – Ragam Mukhari

Ragam Mukhari, a janyam of Raga Kharaharapriya.

1. Elaavataara in Ragam Mukhari, Talam Adi, Composer Thyagaraja (78 RPM, 1930s)

 

2. Saranam ayyappa Ragam Mukhari, Talam Mishra Chapu, Composer Papanasam Sivan (Music Academy, Chennai  Dec 26,1955)

Accompanists: Radha Viswanathan  (Vocal Support), Thiruvalangadu N.Sundaresa Iyer (Violin), T.K.Murthy(Mridangam), Umayalpuram N.Kodhandarama Iyer (Ghatam)

 

3. Ksheenamai in Ragam Mukhari, Talam Adi, Composer Thyagaraja (Perambur Sangeetha Sabha, Chennai)

Accompanists : M.S.Gopalakrishnan (Violin), T.K.Murthy(Mridangam), Umayalpuram N.Kodhandarama Iyer (Ghatam)

 

4. Vadasiyadi kinchidapi Priya Charu sheele Ashtapadi , Composer Jayadeva (Mysore Concert, 1960s)

 

5. Muripemu galigegada  in Ragam Mukhari, Talam Adi, Composer Thyagaraja

 

6. Karu baru in Ragam Mukhari, Talam Adi, Composer Thyagaraja

 

7. Indu enage govinda in Ragam Mukhari, Talam Mishra Chapu, Composer Raghavendra Swami

 

8. Palisemma muddu sarade in Ragam Mukhari,Talam Jhampa, Composer Purandaradasa (Bangalore 1985, Special Recital of the compositions of Purandaradasa)

Accompanists : Radha Viswanathan (Vocal Support), V.Seshagiri Rao (Violin), A.V.Anand (Mridangam), H.P.Ramachar(Kanjira), Bangalore Manjunath (Ghatam)

MS Repertoire – Ragam Dhanyasi

From Wikipedia – “Dhanyasi is a ragam in Carnatic music. It is a janya ragam (derived scale) from the 8th melakarta scale Hanumatodi.”

1. Viruttam Meividaadhezhu in Ragam Dhanyasi   (AIR Program Guru Purnima in 1970s)

 

2. Sangeetha Gnanamu  in Ragam Dhanyasi, Composer : Thyagaraja  (AIR 1964 Sangeet Sammelan)

Accompanists :  Radha Viswanathan (Vocal Support),  Chalakudy Narayanaswamy (Violin),  T K Murthy (mridangam)

 

3. Dharaneege in Ragam Dhanyasi, Composer : Purandaradasa   (Concert in Bangalore on Purandaradasa compositions)

Accompanists : Radha Viswanathan (Vocal Support), V.Seshagiri Rao  (Violin), A.V.Anand (Mridangam), H.P.Ramachar(Kanjira), Bangalore Manjunath (Ghatam)

 

4. Dhyaname in Ragam Dhanyasi, Composer : Thyagaraja  (Krishna Gana Sabha 1971)

Accompanists :  Radha Viswanathan (Vocal Support),  Kandadevi S.Azhagiriswami (Violin),  T K Murthy (mridangam), T H Vinayakram (ghatam)

 

5. Nidayaledani rama in ragam Dhanyasi, Composer: Spencer Venugopal (Bangalore 1975)

 

6. Ragam Tanam Pallavi in Ragam Dhanyasi : Varada Venkatasaila (Krishna Gana Sabha 1974)

Tisra Triputa (1-Kalai) but spread over 2 Avartanams;  Very interesting and unusual 1-Kalai Pallavi but spread over 2 avartanams (2 rounds of tala).

Eduppu 6 counts; arudi 14 karvais

Accompanists: Radha Viswanathan (Vocal Support), Kandadevi S.Azhagiriswami (Violin), T.K.Murthy (Mridangam), V.Nagarajan (Kanjira), T.H.Vinayakaram  (Ghatam)

Tribute to Radha Viswanathan

1) Vishnu Sahasranamam

In the interview, A daughter remembers, Radha shares, ‘It was Musiri who had advised them about the importance of ‘voice synchrony;’ he had told Radha, “Your voice should blend with MS’s and sound like a single, integrated tenor.” No wonder their Vishnu Sahasranamam recording is known for this quality! “In the line, “Amaaani Maanado Maanyo,” when MS briefly stopped to take a breath, it had to be re-recorded, but Amma insisted it be left alone. ‘Let people know that Radha sang along,’ Amma said.”’

Youtube Link to Vishnu Sahasranamam at the start of this line  

2)  Radha singing in the higher octaves in the Padam learnt from Smt T Brinda

moratopu in ragam sahana, composer : kshetrajna

 

3) Radha singing the Raga Alapana for Purvikalyani before the song Jnanamosagarada

 

4) Radha explaining Ragam Tanam Pallavi at a concert in USA in 1966 

 

5) Radha doing the Anulomam for the Pallavi (at the very end of the Pallavi in Ragam Bhairavi – Dharavi Dalita Kuvalaya

 

6) Radha leading the Bhajan Kasi Pate (when MS and Radha participated in a Bhajan Mandali at Vasant Vihar Chennai

Solo Concert by Radha Viswanathan in All India Radio 

Accompanists : Shri Kandadevi Azhagiriswamy(Violin) and Shri T K Murthy(Mridangam)

Source : sangeethapriya.org

1.Sriman Narayana in Ragam Bhouli, composer : Annamacharya, tuned by Kadayanallur Venkatraman

 

2. Devi Neye Thunai in Ragam Keeravani, composer : Papanasam Sivan

 

3. Sobillu Saptaswara in Ragam Jaganmohini, composer: Thyagaraja

 

4.Bhajare Re Chitha in Ragam Kalyani, composer: Dikshithar

 

5. Kitne Dosh bhajan in Raag Kaafi

 

6. Athane Paduve in Ragam Hamsanandi, composer:Purandaradasa

 

7. Aliveni Padam in Ragam Kurinji. composer :Svati Tirunaal

 

Radha, the BharataNatyam Artist

From Veejai Sai’s Tribute to Radha 

“The world of music knew Radha as MS’ daughter. She was a dancer, to begin with, a student of Vazhuvoor B Ramaiyah Pillai, Radha was his first student along with Anandhi, daughter of famous writer Kalki Krishanmurthi.
Today, the Vazhuvoor tradition is thriving and we should thank Radha for being the trigger for it. Now, it is all codified and we know the vocabulary of the dance form. She is the uncrowned queen of the Vazhuvoor tradition.”

Read about Radha-Anandhi Arangetram

As Bala Meera in the movie Meera 

  1. Song : Nandabala ;  YouTube Link (Tamil Meera Movie)
  2. Dance : Radha(Bala Meera) dancing with Kamala Lakshman – Youtube Link 
  3. Song: Asharana sharaney shyaama harey – Youtube Link 

As Bharata in the movie Sakuntalai 

Youtube Link to the Movie Sakuntalai